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Syria, in the outskirts of modern Latakia, discovered by accident in 1928 together with the Ugaritic texts. Its ruins are often called Ras Shamra after the headland where they lie. Thunderbolt dating sa Ugarit was important enough to be fortified with a wall early on, perhaps by 6000 BCE, though the site is thought to have been inhabited earlier. Ugarit was important perhaps because it was both a port and at the entrance of the inland trade route to the Euphrates and Tigris lands.

The first written evidence mentioning the city comes from the nearby city of Ebla, c. Ugarit passed into the sphere of influence of Egypt, which deeply influenced its art. In the second millennium BCE, Ugarit’s population was Amorite, and the Ugaritic language probably has a direct Amoritic origin. The kingdom of Ugarit may have controlled about 2,000 km2 on average. During some of its history it would have been in close proximity to, if not directly within the Hittite Empire. The exact dates of his reign are unknown.

Land of Hatti, and all my ships are in the Land of Lukka? Thus, the country is abandoned to itself. May my father know it: the seven ships of the enemy that came here inflicted much damage upon us. I am writing to inform you and protect you.

The ruler of Carchemish sent troops to assist Ugarit, but Ugarit was sacked. When your messenger arrived, the army was humiliated and the city was sacked. Our food in the threshing floors was burnt and the vineyards were also destroyed. By excavating the highest levels of the city’s ruins, archaeologists can study various attributes of Ugaritic civilization just before their destruction, and compare artifacts with those of nearby cultures to help establish dates. Ugarit also contained many caches of cuneiform tablets, actual libraries that contained a wealth of information. Whether Ugarit was destroyed before or after Hattusa, the Hittite capital, is debated.

The destruction was followed by a settlement hiatus. Many other Mediterranean cultures were deeply disordered just at the same time. Some of the disorder was apparently caused by invasions of the mysterious Sea Peoples. First known Ugaritan king, known only from a damaged seal that mentions «Yaqarum, son of Niqmaddu, king of Ugarit». Second known Ugaritan king, known only from a damaged seal that mentions «Yaqarum, son of Niqmaddu, king of Ugarit». Contemporary of Chancellor Bay of Egypt.

Ugarit is destroyed in his reign. Scribes in Ugarit appear to have originated the «Ugaritic alphabet» around 1400 BCE: 30 letters, corresponding to sounds, were inscribed on clay tablets. The existence of the Ugaritic language is attested to in texts from the 14th through the 12th century BCE. Apart from royal correspondence with neighboring Bronze Age monarchs, Ugaritic literature from tablets found in the city’s libraries include mythological texts written in a poetic narrative, letters, legal documents such as land transfers, a few international treaties, and a number of administrative lists. The discovery of the Ugaritic archives in 1929 has been of great significance to biblical scholarship, as these archives for the first time provided a detailed description of Canaanite religious beliefs, during the period directly preceding the Israelite settlement. The important textual finds from the site shed a great deal of light upon the cultic life of the city. The foundations of the Bronze Age city Ugarit were divided into quarters.

After its destruction in the early 12th century BCE, Ugarit’s location was forgotten until 1928 when a peasant accidentally opened an old tomb while ploughing a field. The discovered area was the necropolis of Ugarit located in the nearby seaport of Minet el-Beida. Excavations have since revealed a city with a prehistory reaching back to c. The site is a sixty-five foot high mound. Archaeologically, Ugarit is considered quintessentially Canaanite. A brief investigation of a looted tomb at the necropolis of Minet el-Beida was conducted by Léon Albanèse in 1928, who then examined the main mound of Ras Shamra. Remains of the ancient city, some walls and what appears to be a small well.

The excavations uncovered a royal palace of ninety rooms laid out around eight enclosed courtyards, and many ambitious private dwellings. On excavation of the site, several deposits of cuneiform clay tablets were found. These have proven to be of great historical significance. Lost Cities: 50 Discoveries in World Archaeology. The Sea Peoples, from Cuneiform Tablets to Carbon Dating.

Kaniewski D, Van Campo E, Van Lerberghe K, Boiy T, Vansteenhuyse K, et al. The Ugaritic Baal Cycle: Volume I, Introduction with text, translation and commentary of KTU 1. Studies in Ancient Oriental Civilization, vol. Gregorio Del Olmo Lete, Canaanite Religion: According to the Liturgical Texts of Ugarit, 2004. The City of Ugarit at Tell Ras Shamra. Léon Albanèse, «Note sur Ras Shamra», Syria, vol.